downward butterfly kick in backstroke?

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Posted Apr 20, 2007 01:50PM


I saw this one. But don't know the answer. When can a downward butterfly kick be used in backstroke?
A. It may be used at anttime during the race, B. It may never be used,
C. It may be used only after the start and after each turn?

If you know the answer, please tell the link where the rules can be find. Thanks a lot,

Posted Apr 20, 2007 04:17PM

Well, it is after the start and each turn :)

Posted Apr 20, 2007 04:53PM

Thank you Rudi Reinkort for the reply.

My guess is same as yours. However, as I look at 101.4 of 2006 Rules & Regulations from, there is no rule for backstroke's kick. That means Answer A can be right.

That really confuses me.

Posted Apr 20, 2007 05:43PM

You can use a downward butterfly kick whenever you dolphin kick off the walls and starts. In fact, if you do it right, you should be kicking downward on your dolphin kicks, as well as up. But once you surface and start swimming backstroke, your kick should switch from a dolphin kick to a flutter kick. And once you start your flutter kick, there's no dolphin kick involved, until the next wall

Posted Apr 20, 2007 06:21PM

ellicott -

Although it is not the fastest way to swim backstroke, the rules allow you use any kick you want throughout the race. You can flutter kick, you can dolphin kick, you can do a breaststroke kick like in elementary backstroke.

A few years ago, the Japanese swimmers experimented with dolphin kicking all the time. it did not catch on because the rotation of the hips and shoulders were compromised.

The link to the USA Swimming rules is:

When a rule is "silent" on something - meaning there is no description, it generally means anythings goes. This is the case with backstroke and freestyle. This is also true for the arm stroke to be used.

Posted Apr 23, 2007 08:50PM

one person chooses A and two selects C.

I wish some judges at national level could help for the question with hard evidence.

Posted Apr 23, 2007 09:25PM

I bet you one of those C is due to a misreading [breastroke instead of backstroke]

Posted Apr 24, 2007 01:48PM

Well, you can techniquely downward butterfly kick whenever you want on backstroke. It's just that its stupid to do it when you're swimming on top of the water because it's so much slower. For best success in backstroke you only downward dolphin kick off the starts and walls when you're underwater, but you are allowed to do it whenever you feel like it. Its just that no one does

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